Dog in distress?
What is the dog doing? Is it showing any of the following signs of heatstroke?
- Is the dog panting heavily?
- Is the dog drooling excessively?
- Does the dog appear lethargic, drowsy, or uncoordinated?
- Is the dog collapsed or vomiting?
If you see a dog in a hot car showing any of these signs, dial 999 immediately.
Many people’s instinct in this situation would be to call the RSPCA, or other welfare organisations. In an emergency, RSPCA inspectors may not be able to attend quickly enough and because they have no powers of entry, they would still need police assistance. Don’t ever be afraid to dial 999 – the police deal with hundreds of such incidents each year.
If the situation becomes critical for the dog and the police are too far away or unable to attend, many people’s instinct will be to break into the car to free the dog. If you decide to do this, please be aware that, without proper justification, it could be classed as criminal damage and you may need to be prepared to defend your actions in court.
Make sure you tell the police what you intend to do and why, and take images and/or footage of the dog and the names and numbers of witnesses to the incident. The law states that you have a lawful excuse to commit damage if you believe that the owner of the property that you damage would consent to the damage if they knew the circumstances (section 5(2)(a) Criminal Damage Act 1971). If you need legal advice, please speak to a lawyer.
Dog not displaying signs of heatstroke?
If the dog's not yet displaying signs of heatstroke, follow these few simple steps:
- Establish how long the dog has been in the car – for example, is there a ‘pay and display’ ticket showing a start/expiry time?
- Make a note of the registration number of the car. If the owner returns but you still feel the situation was dangerous for the dog, you may wish to report the incident to the police.
- If you’re at a superstore/venue/event, ask the staff to make an announcement to alert the owner of the situation.
- If possible, get someone to stay with the dog to monitor their condition. If they begin to show signs of heatstroke, call 999 immediately.
- You can also call the RSPCA cruelty line for advice on what to do at any time – but please be aware that if the situation is dangerous for the dog, dialling 999 should always be the first step.
Emergency first aid
For the best chance of survival, dogs suffering from heatstroke urgently need first aid to have their body temperature lowered gradually.
- Move the dog to a shaded/cool area.
- Immediately pour small amounts of room temperature (not cold, to avoid shock) water onto the dog's body. If possible, you can also wipe the dog down with wet towels (never leave them wrapped as this can actually trap heat) or place the dog in the breeze of a fan.
- Allow the dog to drink small amounts of lukewarm water.
- Continue to pour small amounts of room temperature water onto the dog until their breathing starts to settle but never so much that they begin to shiver.
Once the dog is cool, take them to the nearest vet immediately, even if they seem to have made a full recovery.
Are you organising an event this summer? Whether dogs are welcome at your event or not, you may want to consider having a zero tolerance policy on dogs being left in cars. Make sure any staff in the car park are aware of this so they can inform any owners intending on leaving their dog in the car.
When the weather is good, attending or running dog friendly events can be its own reward.
If you are welcoming dogs at your event, remember to provide plenty of water and shelter for all dogs on site. Make sure you have a vet or vet nurse on site and make anyone attending aware of the support you have available for their pets. You can read the event organiser full guidance here.
Keep your pets safe this summer
With temperatures soaring and the sun beating down, think about how you can help your precious pets – including how to travel safely with them in summer. We’ve compiled some top tips for keeping pets cool in hot weather, so check out our summer pet care advice and keep your pet happy and healthy in the heat.