How to check your rabbits’ teeth


  • Dental disease is common in rabbits, so checking their teeth regularly is important to ensure you spot any problems early.
  • Always hold your rabbit securely on a non-slip surface and be gentle while you check their teeth.
  • Never force your rabbit to have their teeth checked if they seem uncomfortable, struggle, flinch, or panic.
  • If you notice any signs of a problem, book an appointment with your vet.
  • Read more about dental disease in rabbits.

Step-by-step guide to checking your rabbits’ teeth

Step 1 – Check their front teeth

  • Hold your rabbit on a non-slip surface, such as a bath mat.
  • Gently lift their lips to check their incisors (front teeth).
    • You should see two at the top and two at the bottom*
    • The top two teeth should sit just in front of the bottom two and overlap them by a few millimetres
    • They should all be growing straight - it’s not normal for any of them to be at an angle or overlapping each other by more than a few millimetres (see image)
    • They should be white and smooth

*There are two additional teeth that sit behind the upper incisors called ‘peg teeth’, but you won’t be able to see these as they are tiny.

Step 2 – Check their gums

  • They should be salmon pink in colour.
  • There shouldn’t be any redness or sores.

Step 3 – Check their back teeth

  • You won’t be able to see your rabbits’ back teeth, so instead, gently feel their cheeks and lower jaw on the outside, checking for lumps, heat, or signs of pain.
  • Check for other signs of dental disease, including:

If you notice any problems, book an appointment with your vet.

Healthy vs overgrown teeth


How often should I check my rabbits’ teeth?

Ideally, you should check your rabbits’ teeth every week so you notice any signs of a problem as early as possible.

How many teeth do rabbits have?

Rabbits have 28 teeth:

16 top teeth:

  • Four incisors (front teeth) –you will only be able to see the front two because the others, called ‘peg teeth’ are very small and are hidden behind the front two.
  • Three premolars (middle teeth)
  • Three molars (back teeth)

12 bottom teeth:

  • Two incisors (front teeth)
  • Two premolars (middle teeth)
  • Three molars (back teeth)
Published: Sept 2022

Written by vets and vet nurses. This advice is for UK pets only. Illustrations by Samantha Elmhurst.