Bottom problems in dogs
Anal gland problems
The anal glands are two small glands that sit just inside the bottom. Occasionally, they can block or develop into an abscess.
The prostate gland sits inside the bottom of male dogs (female dogs don’t have a prostate gland). Problems with the prostate tend to cause symptoms such as pain, straining to poo and peeing more frequently than usual.
Anal furunculosis is an uncommon condition that mostly affects German Shepherd Dogs. It causes sores to develop around the bottom that tend to be very painful and bleed.
A rectal prolapse is when part of the rectum (large intestine) comes out of the bottom. A rectal prolapse looks like a red tube under the tail and is most common if a dog has been straining very hard to poo. Rectal prolapses are an emergency but are fortunately, quite rare.
If you have a female dog, it’s important to check whether the problem is around the anus (bottom), or the vulva (entrance to the vagina). Some common problems around the vulva/vagina include:
When to contact your vet
Contact your vet if you think your dog has a problem with their bottom or back end. If you are having a telephone appointment, it may help to take a photograph of your dog’s bottom to show your vet.
If you think your dog has a rectal or vaginal prolapse, or a pyometra, contact your vet for an emergency appointment.
Published: September 2020
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Written by vets and vet nurses. This advice is for UK pets only. Illustrations by Samantha Elmhurst.