Hip dysplasia is a condition of the hip joint that causes swelling, pain, stiffness, limping, and eventually arthritis.
Dogs inherit hip dysplasia from one of their parents and it most commonly affects medium to large breed pedigree dogs. Symptoms usually start at around 5-6 months old and can continue for life. Hip dysplasia is managed with careful exercise, weight control and anti-inflammatory pain relief. Some severely affected dogs also need surgery.
There are schemes in place that mean dog breeders can check for hip dysplasia risk before a dog has a litter of puppies. This reduces the number of puppies born with the painful condition.