Elbow dysplasia is a condition that causes swelling, pain and eventually arthritis in the elbows. It’s often passed down from a dog’s parents.
Symptoms usually start when a dog is young (5-18 months old). Elbow dysplasia can often be managed with exercise control, weight control, physiotherapy and anti-inflammatory pain relief. Some, more severely affected dogs will also need surgery.
Elbow dysplasia most commonly affects medium and large breed dogs. Breeds prone to elbow dysplasia should be screened for the condition before having a litter of puppies - this reduces the number of puppies born with this painful condition. Care needs to be taken to make sure puppies at risk of elbow dysplasia get the right food and exercise when they are growing.