Area of concern
- Abdomen (tummy)
- Anus (bottom)
- Back (spine)
- Brain and nerves
- Female parts: vagina and uterus
- Head, face and neck
- Legs, paws and claws
- Male parts: penis, testicles and prostate
- Mammary glands (breasts)
- Mouth and Teeth
- Skin and fur
Dogs like to keep themselves clean, so if you notice your dog has dandruff (dry, flaky skin) it could be a sign of a problem.
Hair loss (alopecia) means bald spots, patchy fur or just thinning fur. Parasites, hormone problems and allergies are all common causes of alopecia in dogs.
Mites and lice are tiny parasites that like to live on dogs (and other species). They damage the skin by biting or burrowing and often cause intense irritation.
Demodex causes red, crusty skin, hair loss and a scaly coat, worst around the eyes and feet. Demodex is normally quite simple to diagnose but treatment can be challenging.
Louse infestations in cats and dogs are quite rare. They are most common in vulnerable pets (young, old or unwell) and pets kept in dirty, overcrowded conditions.