Pomeranian Breed Information
Pomeranians are amongst a group of breeds classed as ‘Category Two’ by The Kennel Club. These are breeds of dog that have been highlighted as having ‘points of concern’ – visible features which, if exaggerated, might potentially affect the breed in the future and cause health and welfare concerns.
Pomeranians are a member of the ‘Toy’ breed group. Toy breeds are small companion dogs, commonly referred to as ‘lap dogs’. Most toy breeds love attention and can be very friendly and affectionate. They don’t require a large amount of exercise.
Pomeranians are lively, curious and very playful, always interested in a game if there’s one on offer! They have a double coat that needs brushing two-three times per week, and more often when shedding.
Breed-related health problems:
Owners are, understandably, upset when their dog develops a health problem linked to its breed. Often they wish they’d known what problems the breed was prone to have. The potential health problems that Pomeranians are prone to include:
- Luxating patellas – the kneecaps slipping temporarily out of place.
- Progressive retinal atrophy – gradual deterioration of the retina of the eye. Symptoms can start with night blindness and progress to total blindness.
- Elbow dysplasia - elbow joint laxity as a result of poor development, which will eventually lead to arthritis.
- Chiari malformation Syringomyelia (CM/SM) – a painful neurological condition in which fluid-filled cavities develop within the spinal cord near the brain. There is a BVA/ Kennel Club CM/SM health scheme which can test for this – for more information, visit the BVA website.
- Hydrocephalus – increased accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain.
- Tracheal collapse – a condition where the tracheal rings collapse, obstructing the airway and making breathing difficult.
- Hypothyroidism – a condition in which there’s a decrease in thyroid hormone production.
- Cataracts – opacity of the lens of the eye – giving a ‘cloudy’ appearance.
- Entropion – inward turning eyelids.
- Cushing's syndrome (Hyperadrenocorticism) - hormonal disorder which results in the production off too much cortisol.
For some conditions, there are screening programmes available through the British Veterinary Association (BVA) and the Kennel Club. The Canine Health Schemes allow breeders to screen for a range of inherited diseases, so it’s a good idea to check the parents of any puppy you’re looking to rehome have been screened under these schemes. We’d also recommend discussing the medical history of your potential puppy’s parents and grandparents, and think very carefully before taking on a dog with any of the health conditions listed above evident in the family line.
You can find out more about the Canine Health Schemes on the BVA's website.
Pomeranians need around half an hour of exercise per day. Training will require patience, but can be achieved using reward-based techniques. For more information on training your dog, take a look at our dog behaviour page where you can pick up plenty of tips to help you and your canine companion better understand each other.
Estimated lifetime cost:
The likely lifetime costs for a Pomeranian are based on estimates calculated using current market prices and include:
- Initial costs of the purchase of the pet
- First vaccinations and booster vaccinations
- Pet insurance
- Flea treatments
The list above does not include veterinary costs if your pet becomes sick or injured, so these average lifetime costs could be even higher.
Insure your Pomeranian with PDSA:
1 in 3 pets need vet treatment each year and vet bills can come to hundreds of pounds. PDSA Pet Insurance can give you peace of mind when your pet is poorly, especially for breeds like Pomeranian that are prone to certain conditions. PDSA Pet Insurance offers:
- Dog and cat insurance policies from 8 weeks of age.
- 24/7 veterinary advice online or over the phone with Petcall.
- Manage your policy online with the PDSA Insure Hub.
- Monthly payment at no extra cost.
By insuring your Pomeranian with PDSA Pet Insurance you’ll also be helping to provide vet care to some of the UK’s neediest pets.
For more information on taking care of your dog please visit our puppies and dogs section.
Rehoming from a reputable source:
Where you get a dog from can have a big effect on how healthy and happy it is for the rest of its life. Find out where our PDSA vet experts recommend you get your dog from.
|Over 12 years
|Minimum exercise (per day)
|Minimum cost (per month)