Rottweiler Breed Information

Rottweilers are a member of the ‘Working’ breed group. Working breed dogs were bred to become guard and search and rescue dogs. Breeds in this group are specialists in their work.

Rottweilers are very loyal dogs and will fit in well to family life, given the right socialisation as puppies, as with all breeds. They are better suited to families with older children and with more experienced owners. Grooming is minimal, with a brush once a week usually enough to remove any dead hair.

Breed-related health problems:

Owners are, understandably, upset when their dog develops a health problem linked to its breed. Often they wish they’d known what problems the breed was prone to have. The potential health problems that Rottweilers are prone to include:

  • Hip dysplasia – hip joint laxity as a result of poor development, which will eventually lead to arthritis.
  • Elbow dysplasia - elbow joint laxity as a result of poor development, which will eventually lead to arthritis.
  • Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV) – often known as ‘bloat’, this is a condition where the stomach twists, trapping the contents and gases. This is an emergency and requires urgent veterinary attention. It’s often seen in large, deep-chested breeds.
  • Cardiomyopathy – enlarged heart due to degeneration of the heart muscle.
  • Certain cancers
  • Panosteitis – a painful, inflammatory bone disease.
  • Entropion – inward turning eyelids.
  • Cataracts – opacity of the lens of the eye – giving a ‘cloudy’ appearance.
  • Distichiasis – a condition in which small eyelashes grow on the inner surface or the very edge of the eye, which can then rub on the surface of the eye, causing irritation.
  • Laryngeal paralysis – a progressive paralysis of the larynx.

For some conditions, there are screening programmes available through the British Veterinary Association (BVA) and the Kennel Club. The Canine Health Schemes allow breeders to screen for a range of inherited diseases, so it’s a good idea to check the parents of any puppy you’re looking to rehome have been screened under these schemes. We’d also recommend discussing the medical history of your potential puppy’s parents and grandparents, and think very carefully before taking on a dog with any of the health conditions listed above evident in the family line.

You can find out more about the Canine Health Schemes on the BVA's website.

Exercise requirements:

Rottweilers have high energy levels and will need over 2 hours of exercise daily. They are confident dogs, and can often be quite stubborn and headstrong, so training may be more of a challenge. Plenty of practice and patience should overcome this – for socialisation and training tips take a look at our dog behaviour page. Training, along with socialisation, is very important at a young age in order for Rottweilers to grow up into confident, sociable dogs.

Estimated lifetime cost:

The likely lifetime costs for a Rottweiler are based on estimates calculated using current market prices and include:

The list above does not include veterinary costs if your pet becomes sick or injured, so these average lifetime costs could be even higher.

Insure your Rottweiler with PDSA:

1 in 3 pets need vet treatment each year and vet bills can come to hundreds of pounds. PDSA Pet Insurance can give you peace of mind when your pet is poorly, especially for breeds like Rottweilers that are prone to certain conditions. PDSA Pet Insurance offers:

  • 5 Star Pet Insurance* - from the vet experts
  • 4 levels of cover to suit you
  • Monthly payment at no extra cost

*Defaqto 5 Star rating applies to our Plus and Premier policies only. Defaqto’s Star Ratings provide an independent assessment of the quality of financial products.

By insuring your Rottweiler with PDSA you’ll also be helping to provide vet care to some of the UK’s neediest pets.

Energy levels
 
Overall grooming needs
 
Compatibility with other pets
 
Easy to train
 
How much exercise
 
Suitability for children/families
 
Tendency to bark
 
Average lifespan 10-12 years
Size Large
Coat length Short
Possible health problems Hip dysplasia, Elbow dysplasia, Gastric torsion, Heart disease, Certain cancers
Average price £500-£800
Estimated cost over lifetime £27,100-£30,800
Average weight Male: 45kg-50kg. Female: 36-38kg
Breed group Working
Minimum garden size Large

Not sure if the Rottweiler is the right pet for you?